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What causes low back pain?

Kelly Chiropractic low back pain

About 80% of people will get low back pain at some point in their lives. In the USA, it is the leading cause of disability in people under the age of 45.

So what causes low back pain?

The majority of patients who come to see me with ‘self-diagnosed’ low back pain think they have a muscular problem. And sometimes they’re right. However, the low back is complicated.

The low back is complicated, pain is not always the result of a muscular problem.

The low back is made up of a network of interconnected muscles, tendons, bones, joints, discs and nerves. Damage to, or problems with, any of these structures can result in pain.

A number of underlying issues can cause low back pain.

The most common causes include:

  • Irritation/compression of the large nerve roots in the low back running into the legs
  • Irritation of the smaller nerves that supply the low back
  • Strain/spasm in the muscles that support the spine
  • Damage to the bones, ligaments or joints of the spine
  • Wear and tear/damage to one of the intervertebral discs

Can it be prevented?

Although it may not be possible to eradicate the risk of low back pain entirely, you can lower your risk by regularly exercising, using correct lifting techniques and improving your posture.

Can it be treated?

Yes, the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines recommend using chiropractic care as a first-line treatment of chronic low back pain.

How can I help?

Getting an accurate diagnosis is the starting point to any treatment plan.

The bottom line is, don’t guess. You can’t always tell what is happening based on the severity of symptoms.

A simple low back muscle strain can be excruciating while a more complicated disc injury may only cause mild symptoms. If it hurts, get it checked!